To be effective, a leader should understand leadership theory. An effective leader should recognize his or her own leadership style, in order to develop strategies for influencing and rewarding others and develop the interpersonal skills that build trust.
By successfully completing this assessment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assessment criteria:
- Competency 1: Evaluate the purpose and relevance of leadership.
- Analyze leadership theories.
- Explain how leadership theories can be used to influence others.
- Explain how leadership theories can be used to develop interpersonal skills that build trust.
- Competency 2: Evaluate how leadership strengths apply in the workplace and within the community.
- Use examples to explain how leadership theories can be used to lead in a work environment or community.
“Leadership is an important and difficult task, but the cornerstone of organizational success” (Manning & Curtis, 2012, p. 11).Early in the 20th century, scholarly interest in the modern concept of leadership was heavily influenced by the Great Man (or Great Person) theory of leadership. According to Pierce and Newstrom (2011), “Scholars interested in leadership have approached the development of an understanding of leadership from a variety of perspectives, starting with the ‘Great Person Theory of Leadership,’ which posited that great leaders, such as Julius Caesar, Joan of Arc, Catherine II, Napoleon, Mao Tsetung, Winston Churchill, and Franklin Delano Roosevelt were born with a set of personal qualities that destined them to be great leaders” (p.7).Since that time, many more theories or models of leadership have influenced both its study and practice, with strong emphasis on leadership traits and behaviors. The multiple theories suggest there are many ways to lead, and the resulting leadership influence can be far-reaching even centuries after leaders are gone (Manning & Curtis, 2012).
Manning, G., & Curtis, K. (2012). The art of leadership (4th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.Pierce, J. L., & Newstrom, J. W. (2011). Leaders and the leadership process: Readings, self-assessments and applications (6th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
The resources provided here are optional. You may use other resources of your choice to prepare for this assessmentÍ¾ however, you will need to ensure that they are appropriate, credible, and valid. The Library Guide can help direct your research, and the Supplemental Resources and Research Resources, both linked from the left navigation menu in your courseroom, provide additional resources to help support you.
Capella University Library Resources
- Badshah, S. (2012). . Journal of Strategic Human Resource Management, 1(1), 49–59.
- Kouzes, J. M., & Posner, B. Z. (2017). . Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
- Chapter 5, “Envision the Future.”
- Chapter 6, “Enlist Others.”
- Lee, W-J., Koenigsberg, M. R., Davidson, C., & Beto, D. R. (2010). . Federal Probation, 74(3), 34–42, 56.
NBC Learn Video
- Brzezinski, M. (Reporter) & Scarborough, J. (Anchor). (2011, October 4). . MSNBC, Morning Joe.
VitalSource Bookshelf Resources
This resource is available in the courseroom via the VitalSource Bookshelf link:
Rath, T., & Conchie, B. (2008). Strengths based leadership: Great leaders, teams, and why people follow. New York, NY: Gallup Press.
- “Part Two: Maximizing Your Team.”
Questions to Consider
As you prepare to complete this assessment, you may want to think about other related issues to deepen your understanding or broaden your viewpoint. You are encouraged to consider the questions below and discuss them with a fellow learner, a work associate, an interested friend, or a member of your professional community. Note that these questions are for your own development and exploration and do not need to be completed or submitted as part of your assessment.
- What behaviors and characteristics do effective leaders demonstrate?
- What are some of the ways that leaders can inspire and motivate others?
Leadership will be a particularly important component of the business skills you utilize throughout your career, and it will play an even larger role as you take on additional responsibilities and work in higher level positions. For this assessment, you will learn more about some prominent leadership theories, and can undoubtedly apply those to achieve greater individual and organizational success.
To complete this assessment, research at least three of the leadership theories from the list below. Use the Capella library and the Internet to research scholarly literature on the theories you have chosen.
- Great man theory.
- Trait theory.
- Behavioral theories:
- Role theory.
- The managerial theory.
- Participative leadership:
- Lewin’s leadership styles.
- Likert’s leadership styles.
- Situational leadership:
- Hersey and Blanchard’s situational leadership.
- Vroom and Yetton’s normative model.
- House’s path-goal theory of leadership.
- Contingency theories:
- Fiedler’s least-preferred coworker (LPC) theory.
- Cognitive resource theory.
- Strategic contingencies theory.
- Transactional leadership:
- Leader-member exchange (LMX) theory.
- Transformational leadership:
- Bass’s transformational leadership theory.
- Burns’s transformational leadership theory.
Based on your research, address the following:
- Analyze each of the three theories you selected. In each analysis be sure you identify the theorists.
- Use each of the three theories to analyze the following:
- How the theory can be used by a leader to influence others.
- How the theory can be used by a leader to develop the interpersonal skills needed to build trust.
- For each theory analysis, provide examples of how the theory can be used as a strategy for leading in a work environment or in a community.
Your paper should be well organized and written in clear, succinct language. It should be approximately 3–ï»¿5 pages in length. Follow APA rules for attributing sources that support your analysis and conclusions.
Academic Integrity and APA Formatting
As a reminder related to using APA rules to ensure academic honesty:
- When using a direct quote (using exact or nearly exact wording), you must enclose the quoted wording in quotation marks, immediately followed by an in-text citation. The source must then be listed in your references page.
- When paraphrasing (using your own words to describe a non-original idea), the paraphrased idea must be immediately followed by an in-text citation and the source must be listed in your references page.
Example Assessment: You may use the assessment example, linked in the Assessment Example section of the Resources, to give you an idea of what a Proficient or higher rating on the scoring guide would look like.
Note: Faculty may use the Writing Feedback Tool when grading this assessment. The Writing Feedback Tool is designed to provide you with guidance and resources to develop your writing based on five core skills. You will find writing feedback in the Scoring Guide for the assessment, once your work has been evaluated.