Citya News Article Detailing Laurel Springs Carou

Citya News Article Detailing Laurel Springs Carou

Citya News Article Detailing Laurel Springs Carou

1.

(LC)

Which pair correctly uses a hyphen? (5 points)

2.

(LC)

Which trio correctly uses a hyphen? (5 points)

Chocolate-covered peanuts

Extremely-overworked employee

Friendly-little puppy

Successful-popular author

3.

(MC)

Read the sentence below and answer the following question:

I just want to learn as much as I can. I want to have many options for my future career.

Which sentence below provides the best sentence variety using coordinating connections? (5 points)

Although I want many options for my future career, I just want to learn as much as I can.

Because I want many options for my future career, I just want to learn as much as I can.

I want to have many options for my future career; furthermore I want to learn as much as I can.

I want to have many options for my future career, so I just want to learn as much as I can.

4.

(MC)

Read the sentence below and answer the following question:

What had been the study and desire of the wisest men since the creation of the world was now within my grasp—Shelley, Frankenstein

Which of the following does the syntax of this sentence emphasize? (5 points)

The creation of the world

The narrator’s grasp

The desire of wise men

What had once been

5.

(LC)

The purpose of the Federalist Papers was to express concern about the
weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation, the document that outlined
the first government of the United States of America. Alexander
Hamilton, among others, wrote the Federalist Papers to persuade doubtful
New Yorkers to vote in favor of the stronger federal government
proposed in the United States Constitution.

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1

General Introduction

For the Independent Journal

Author: Alexander Hamilton

To the People of the State of New York:

AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting
federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new
Constitution for the United States of America. The subject
speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing
less than the existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the
parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects
the most interesting in the world
. It has been frequently
remarked that it seems to have been reserved to the people of this
country, by their conduct and example, to decide the important question,
whether societies of men are really capable or not of establishing good
government from reflection and choice, or whether they are forever
destined to depend for their political constitutions on accident and
force. If there be any truth in the remark, the crisis at which we are
arrived may with propriety be regarded as the era in which that decision
is to be made; and a wrong election of the part we shall act may, in
this view, deserve to be considered as the general misfortune of
mankind.

Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution
will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious
interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes
which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence
of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the
perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to
aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will
flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the
subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from
its union under one government.

Based on this sentence from the first paragraph, why does Hamilton think a stronger government is necessary? (5 points)

The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its
consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION, the safety
and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an empire
in many respects the most interesting in the world.

The rest of the world will be more successful.

The citizens will be in danger.

The leaders will not be understood.

The country will fall apart without it.

6.

(LC)

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1

General Introduction

For the Independent Journal

Author: Alexander Hamilton

To the People of the State of New York:

AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting
federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new
Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its
own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the
existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it
is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting
in the world. It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have
been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and
example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are
really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection
and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their
political constitutions on accident and force. If there be any truth in
the remark, the crisis at which we are arrived may with propriety be
regarded as the era in which that decision is to be made; and a wrong
election of the part we shall act may, in this view, deserve to be
considered as the general misfortune of mankind.

Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution
will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious
interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes
which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence
of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the
perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to
aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will
flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the
subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from
its union under one government.

According to Hamilton’s writing in the second paragraph, what is one reason the new Constitution would be opposed? (5 points)

People did not trust the ideas included in the proposed Constitution.

The government already in place at the time was functioning well.

Those already in government did not want to lose their positions.

The new Constitution would not provide privileges to everyone.

7.

(LC)

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1

General Introduction

For the Independent Journal

Author: Alexander Hamilton

To the People of the State of New York:

AFTER an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting
federal government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new
Constitution for the United States of America. The subject speaks its
own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the
existence of the UNION, the safety and welfare of the parts of which it
is composed, the fate of an empire in many respects the most interesting
in the world. It has been frequently remarked that it seems to have
been reserved to the people of this country, by their conduct and
example, to decide the important question, whether societies of men are
really capable or not of establishing good government from reflection
and choice, or whether they are forever destined to depend for their
political constitutions on accident and force. If there be any truth in
the remark, the crisis at which we are arrived may with propriety be
regarded as the era in which that decision is to be made; and a wrong
election of the part we shall act may, in this view, deserve to be
considered as the general misfortune of mankind.

Among the most formidable of the obstacles which the new Constitution
will have to encounter may readily be distinguished the obvious
interest of a certain class of men in every State to resist all changes
which may hazard a diminution of the power, emolument, and consequence
of the offices they hold under the State establishments; and the
perverted ambition of another class of men, who will either hope to
aggrandize themselves by the confusions of their country, or will
flatter themselves with fairer prospects of elevation from the
subdivision of the empire into several partial confederacies than from
its union under one government.

Which phrase from the first paragraph shows that Hamilton thinks the
success of the government created by the United States will impact other
governments in the future? (5 points)

AFTER
an unequivocal experience of the inefficiency of the subsisting federal
government, you are called upon to deliberate on a new Constitution…

… The subject speaks its own importance; comprehending in its consequences nothing less than the existence of the UNION …

…it
seems to have been reserved to the people of this country… to decide
the important question, whether societies of men are really capable or
not of establishing good government…

…the
safety and welfare of the parts of which it is composed, the fate of an
empire in many respects the most interesting in the world…

8.

(HC)

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1

General Introduction

For the Independent Journal

Author: Alexander Hamilton

It is not, however, my design to dwell upon observations of this
nature. I am well aware that it would be disingenuous to resolve
indiscriminately the opposition of any set of men (merely because their
situations might subject them to suspicion) into interested or ambitious
views. Candor will oblige us to admit that even such men may be
actuated by upright intentions; and it cannot be doubted that much of
the opposition which has made its appearance, or may hereafter make its
appearance, will spring from sources, blameless at least, if not
respectable—the honest errors of minds led astray by preconceived
jealousies and fears. So numerous indeed and so powerful are the causes
which serve to give a false bias to the judgment, that we, upon many
occasions, see wise and good men on the wrong as well as on the right
side of questions of the first magnitude to society. This circumstance,
if duly attended to, would furnish a lesson of moderation to those who
are ever so much persuaded of their being in the right in any
controversy. And a further reason for caution, in this respect,
might be drawn from the reflection that we are not always sure that
those who advocate the truth are influenced by purer principles than
their antagonists
. Ambition, avarice, personal animosity, party
opposition, and many other motives not more laudable than these, are
apt to operate as well upon those who support as those who oppose the
right side of a question. Were there not even these inducements to
moderation, nothing could be more ill-judged than that intolerant spirit
which has, at all times, characterized political parties. For in
politics, as in religion, it is equally absurd to aim at making
proselytes by fire and sword. Heresies in either can rarely be cured by
persecution.

Which of the following correctly summarizes the main point of this text from the excerpt?

And a further reason for caution, in this respect, might be drawn
from the reflection that we are not always sure that those who advocate
the truth are influenced by purer principles than their antagonists.
(5 points)

Enemies will undermine those with good intentions at every turn.

In an effort this large, caution is to be remembered in all parts of the process.

Many who seem to support moral choices may also have questionable motives.

Those on the side of good will always know those who oppose them.

9.

(MC)

Dominic has found the following information during the research process for his paper:

  • Building diagrams for a new energy-efficient construction project in his city
  • A news article detailing five international energy-producing building projects
  • A design magazine article describing the solar-energy-producing Sun-Moon Mansion
  • An interview with a landscape architect who designs clean-air plant-based projects for cities

What is the most useful next step in the writing process for Dominic? (5 points)

Develop an outline for the supporting details of his paper.

Interview a local green builder who is completing a major project.

Refine his research question and look for more focused resources.

Refocus his research efforts to find more visual elements.

10.

(MC)

Which of the following would be most reliable source for a research paper explaining the causes for whale and dolphin strandings during the summer? (5 points)

A published article written by a person who worked on a fishing vessel for 20 years

A newspaper editorial discussing the consequences of ocean pollution for wildlife

An article from Scientific American magazine explaining new findings from recent studies

An interview with a person who saw whales stranding themselves on a local beach

11.

(LC)

Read these two sentences:

  • I can see the point of those who argue that space projects should be a national priority.
  • I also see the problem with spending millions with so many other social problems that need solving.

Which transition word correctly links the two sentences? (5 points)

Consequently

Conversely

Specifically

Regardless

12.

(MC)

A student is concluding an informative essay about the legacy of Rosa Parks. Which of the following would best conclude that essay? (5 points)

She had a long and interesting childhood, met many famous people, and will continue to be a figure worthy of our attention.

She
led the country where others feared to lead, changing the course of
history and empowering the weak during a time of dire need.

The President recently revealed and dedicated a statue to the legacy of this great woman.

Though she is now quite elderly and is not as well-known, school children still learn about her.

13.

(MC)

A student completing research for a project enters the following search terms:

Pets AND diet NOT birds

Which of the following best describes the likely results of this search when following Boolean logic? (5 points)

Sources that reference the diet of pets and birds

Sources that reference the diet of birds only

Sources that reference the diet of either pets or birds

Sources that reference the diet of pets but not birds

14.

(MC)

A student completing research for a project enters the following search terms:

German shepherds AND rescue OR service

Which of the following best describes the likely results of this search? (5 points)

Sources that reference both rescue and service and include German shepherds

Sources that reference both rescue and German shepherds but not service

Sources that reference German shepherds and either rescue or service

Sources that reference German shepherds and rescue but not service

15.

(MC)

Which source would provide credible information about early efforts to stop elephant poaching? (5 points)

A recent news article in National Geographic magazine

A YouTube video interview with a park ranger in Kenya

A book published in 1970 by a soldier trained to protect elephants

An editorial article on nationalparkstraveler.com

16.

(MC)

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1

General Introduction

For the Independent Journal

Author: Alexander Hamilton

This idea will add the inducements of philanthropy to those of
patriotism, to heighten the solicitude which all considerate and good
men must feel for the event. Happy will it be if our choice
should be directed by a judicious estimate of our true interests,
unperplexed and unbiased by considerations not connected with the public
good
. But this is a thing more ardently to be wished than
seriously to be expected. The plan offered to our deliberations affects
too many particular interests, innovates upon too many local
institutions, not to involve in its discussion a variety of objects
foreign to its merits, and of views, passions and prejudices little
favorable to the discovery of truth.

Which of the following statements supports the idea presented in this quote from the excerpt? (5 points)

Happy will it be if our choice should be directed by a judicious
estimate of our true interests, unperplexed and unbiased by
considerations not connected with the public good.

Hamilton had many opinions that he put aside to ensure the ratification process could succeed.

Hamilton liked the political process despite the petty arguments people got into.

Hamilton wished Constitutional reformers would consider only what was best for the public.

Hamilton was happy to be a participant in the Constitutional Convention, even though it was quarrelsome.

Type: MC
Score: 5
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9b, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9a

17.

(MC)

Read this excerpt from Federalist Paper No. 1 and answer the question that follows:

Federalist Papers: No. 1

General Introduction

For the Independent Journal

Author: Alexander Hamilton

It is not, however, my design to dwell upon observations of this
nature. I am well aware that it would be disingenuous to resolve
indiscriminately the opposition of any set of men (merely because their
situations might subject them to suspicion) into interested or ambitious
views. Candor will oblige us to admit that even such men may be
actuated by upright intentions; and it cannot be doubted that much of
the opposition which has made its appearance, or may hereafter make its
appearance, will spring from sources, blameless at least, if not
respectable—the honest errors of minds led astray by preconceived
jealousies and fears. So numerous indeed and so powerful are the causes
which serve to give a false bias to the judgment, that we, upon many
occasions, see wise and good men on the wrong as well as on the right
side of questions of the first magnitude to society. This circumstance,
if duly attended to, would furnish a lesson of moderation to those who
are ever so much persuaded of their being in the right in any
controversy. And a further reason for caution, in this respect, might be
drawn from the reflection that we are not always sure that those who
advocate the truth are influenced by purer principles than their
antagonists. Ambition, avarice, personal animosity, party opposition,
and many other motives not more laudable than these, are apt to operate
as well upon those who support as those who oppose the right side of a
question. Were there not even these inducements to moderation,
nothing could be more ill-judged than that intolerant spirit which has,
at all times, characterized political parties
. For in politics,
as in religion, it is equally absurd to aim at making proselytes by
fire and sword. Heresies in either can rarely be cured by persecution.

Which of the following statements supports the idea presented in this quote from the excerpt? (5 points)

Were there not even these inducements to moderation, nothing
could be more ill-judged than that intolerant spirit which has, at all
times, characterized political parties.

Hamilton believed politician’s narrow-mindedness would have a negative effect.

Hamilton generally disliked politicians even though he was one of them.

Hamilton had many reasons to entice politicians to be moderate in their negotiations.

Hamilton thought politicians were the last people who should be writing a new Constitution.

Type: MC
Score: 5
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9b, CCSS.ELA-Literacy.W.11-12.9a

18.

(LC)

Read this excerpt from “Schenck v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919)” and answer the question that follows:

The document in question upon its first printed side recited the
first section of the Thirteenth Amendment, said that the idea embodied
in it was violated by the conscription act and that a conscript is
little better than a convict. In impassioned language it intimated that
conscription was despotism in its worst form and a monstrous wrong
against humanity in the interest of Wall Street’s chosen few. It said,
‘Do not submit to intimidation,’ but in form at least confined itself to
peaceful measures such as a petition for the repeal of the act. The
other and later printed side of the sheet was headed ‘Assert Your
Rights.’ It stated reasons for alleging that any one violated the
Constitution when he refused to recognize ‘your right to assert your
opposition to the draft,’ and went on, ‘If you do not assert and support
your rights, you are helping to deny or disparage rights which it is
the solemn duty of all citizens and residents of the United States to
retain.’ It described the arguments on the other side as coming from
cunning politicians and a mercenary capitalist press, and even silent
consent to the conscription law as helping to support an infamous
conspiracy.

Which of following describes an intended outcome of the protest document? (5 points)

To deny or disparage rights

To violate the Thirteenth Amendment

To repeal of the conscription act

To submit to intimidation

19.

(LC)

Read this excerpt from “Schenck v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919)” and answer the question that follows:

The document in question upon its first printed side recited the
first section of the Thirteenth Amendment, said that the idea embodied
in it was violated by the conscription act and that a conscript is
little better than a convict. In impassioned language it intimated that
conscription was despotism in its worst form and a monstrous wrong
against humanity in the interest of Wall Street’s chosen few. It said,
‘Do not submit to intimidation,’ but in form at least confined itself to
peaceful measures such as a petition for the repeal of the act. The
other and later printed side of the sheet was headed ‘Assert Your
Rights.’ It stated reasons for alleging that any one violated the
Constitution when he refused to recognize ‘your right to assert your
opposition to the draft,’ and went on, ‘If you do not assert and support
your rights, you are helping to deny or disparage rights which it is
the solemn duty of all citizens and residents of the United States to
retain.’ It described the arguments on the other side as coming from
cunning politicians and a mercenary capitalist press, and even silent
consent to the conscription law as helping to support an infamous
conspiracy.

Which of the following is a statement supported by the protest document? (5 points)

Submit to intimidation

Deny or disparage rights

Assert your opposition to the draft

Silently consent to the conscription

20.

(LC)

Read this excerpt from “Schenck v. U.S., 249 U.S. 47 (1919)” and answer the question that follows:

The document in question upon its first printed side recited the
first section of the Thirteenth Amendment, said that the idea embodied
in it was violated by the conscription act and that a conscript is
little better than a convict. In impassioned language it intimated that
conscription was despotism in its worst form and a monstrous wrong
against humanity in the interest of Wall Street’s chosen few. It said,
‘Do not submit to intimidation,’ but in form at least confined itself to
peaceful measures such as a petition for the repeal of the act. The
other and later printed side of the sheet was headed ‘Assert Your
Rights.’ It stated reasons for alleging that any one violated the
Constitution when he refused to recognize ‘your right to assert your
opposition to the draft,’ and went on, ‘If you do not assert and support
your rights, you are helping to deny or disparage rights which it is
the solemn duty of all citizens and residents of the United States to
retain.’ It described the arguments on the other side as coming from
cunning politicians and a mercenary capitalist press, and even silent
consent to the conscription law as helping to support an infamous
conspiracy.

According to the protest document, what violates the Constitution? (5 points)

Failure to consent to conscription

Confining oneself to peaceful measures

Petitioning for a repeal of the conscription act

Failure to assert and support your rights