Making American Politics Seem Answer Three Questi

Making American Politics Seem Answer Three Questi

Making American Politics Seem Answer Three Questi

Instructions: You have 60 minutes to answer three questions. Please prepare your answers in a separate Word document. Answer Question 2 from Group A , and two questions from Group B. In your answer, not the number of the question you have chosen. It is suggested that you take a few minutes to plan and outline each answer on a piece of scratch paper. Spend approximately one-third of your time (40 minutes) on each question. When asked to DESCRIBE concepts, identify and define any relevant terms, and use substantive examples where appropriate. Please do not plagiarize.

Group A

Question 2
The news media acts as a “watchdog” in the democratic process. Citizens rely on accurate news reporting so that they can hold elected government officials accountable when they act in ways that go against the public will.

(a.) Describe EACH of the following news norms:

  • Neutrality
  • Official sources
  • Accuracy
  • Newsbeats
  • Newsworthiness
  • “Horse race” journalism

(b.) Describe EACH of these forms of journalism. Of these three, which is most likely to adhere to the above news norms?

  • Traditional journalism
  • Advocacy journalism
  • Tabloid journalism

(c.) Describe ONE critique that a participatory democratic theorist would bring to news norms.

Group B(select two)

Question 3
In June 2019, Los Angeles City citizens were asked to vote on Measure EE. Measure EE proposed to raise an estimated $500 million per year to support the Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) in response to labor grievances highlighted during the LAUSD teachers strike during the previous January. To end the strike, LA City officials agreed to a 6% pay raise for teachers, reduced class sizes, and promised to hire more nurses and librarians to meet the needs of understaffed schools, leaving them with the challenge of finding $403 million to pay for the plan. Had it passed, Measure EE would have met this budgetary shortfall by levying a property tax of 16 cents per square foot of indoor space, in addition to already existing property taxes. Much to the disappointment of its supporters, Measure EE failed to get the two-thirds majority it needed to pass, earning only 45% of the city-wide vote.

(a.) Describe EACH of the two fundamental values that influence public opinion:

  • Egalitarianism
  • Individualism

(b.) Describe how political scientists have measured egalitarianism and individualism.

(c.) Would a voter who possesses egalitarian values be more likely to support Measure EE, or more likely to vote it down? Explain why.

(d.) Would a voter who possesses individualist values be more likely to support Measure EE, or more likely to vote it down? Explain why.

Question 4
Clawson and Oxley (2017) write, “Among citizens, the average Republican and average Democrat may not be all that different, but their differences stem from deep-seated understandings of right and wrong, making American politics seem quite polarized.” Political science research has found that people’s understanding of right and wrong is determined by whether they possess an authoritarian or non-authoritarian personality.

(a.) Describe the “Authoritarian Personality.”

(b.) According to the political science research, what role does the family play in cultivating the authoritarian personality?

(c.) What kinds of policies do people with authoritarian personalities support?

(d.) In what ways to libertarians differ from authoritarians?

(e.) Describe the effect of normative threats on citizens with authoritarian predispositions.

Question 5
Political science research has found that sometimes elected officials pay attention to what the public wants, and other times they ignore the public, relying instead on their own judgement and expertise when making policy decisions.

(a.) Describe the concept of popular sovereignty.

(b.) Describe the stances of EACH theoretical perspective on the question of how closely public opinion should mirror policy outcomes (or, to what degree should government officials follow public opinion when it comes to the policies they create?)

  • Participatory Democratic Theory
  • Pluralist Democratic Theory
  • Elite Democratic Theory

(c.) What evidence do we have (by way of political science research) that shows elected officials pay attention to public opinion?

(d.) What evidence do we have that shows public opinion does not matter as much as some say it does?

(e.) Do all citizens have equal influence on policy outcomes?