Wk1 Leadership Styles Grading Pm582 University Of

Wk1 Leadership Styles Grading Pm582 University Of

Wk1 Leadership Styles Grading Pm582 University Of

Resources: Ch. 6 of Project Management Leadership and Wk1 Leadership Styles Grading Guide

Select one of the leadership styles in Ch. 6.

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper explaining why that leadership style is the most effective one to help lead diverse teams, provide effective negotiation techniques, and help mitigate conflict within a project team.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines, including the citation of any references.

Submit your assignment.


Action Centered Leadership

John Adair developed a leadership model that focuses on leadership action. The model suggests that the leader should focus on three responsibilities: Task, Team and Individual, acting according to the demands of each (see Figure 6.1). Some people acknowledge that Adair, who developed leadership training for Sandhurst Military Academy, was the first to suggest that leadership can be an acquired skill that can be learnt and developed.


Figure 6.1: Action Centered Leadership – shows the intersecting circles of the task’s needs, the team’s needs and the individual’s needs

It is important to note that the leader must attend to all three of the task, team and individual responsibilities but can focus on each one at different times in order to deal with specific needs.

Achievement of the Task: Most frequently, the purpose of a group/team is to complete some work, so the leader needs to maintain focus on achievement of objectives. The leadership responsibilities are:

  • To ensure the aims and vision of the group, its purpose and direction are identified and agreed.
  • To facilitate acquisition of resources needed by the group to achieve the task.
  • To ensure the group’s plan identifies appropriate strategies and tactics with clearly defined deliverables, measures of success, budgets, deadlines and timescales.
  • To ensure that accountabilities, objectives and measures are established and agreed for all group members and that work is delegated.
  • To ensure that quality standards, effective reporting, monitoring and control structures for the task are established.

Maintenance of the Group: A leader must ensure that the group’s collective needs are identified and group cohesion is maintained. Leadership responsibilities for maintaining the group are:

  • Facilitate or assist the formation and maintenance of a team or group charter that establishes shared values, ethics and standards of performance and behavior.
  • Encourage the team to focus on its objectives and uphold the principles of the team charter to motivate the group towards a collective sense of purpose.
  • Enable, facilitate and ensure that there is effective communication within the team and with appropriate external agencies.
  • Anticipate conflicts and disagreements in the group and assist the group to work through them in a supportive manner, identifying and capturing lessons from the experience.
  • Help to identify and review the group roles, composition and suggest modifications to team structure that would help to better balance the group.
  • Assist team development, training, morale, team spirit and cooperation.
  • Help to develop the collective maturity and capability of the group so that it can work with increased freedom and authority for action.
  • Provide supportive feedback to the group about progress and team issues and seek similar comment and feedback from the group.

Support for the Individual: Each member of the group or team will have their own personal needs, and the leader will need to support individuals to maintain their personal effectiveness and contribution to team success. To support individuals, the leader must address the following responsibilities:

  • Understand each team member’s personality, skills, strengths, needs, personal goals and fears.
  • Support each individual to achieve their personal plans, deal with their problems and challenges and respond appropriately to their successes and failures.
  • Help to align personal objectives and accountabilities with the group needs, building on the capabilities and strengths of each team member.
  • Provide appropriate recognition and praise to individuals, acknowledging their effort and good work. Where appropriate, reward with extra responsibility, advancement, status, freedom and authority.
  • Assist personal development and training.

Adair’s view of leadership also implies that motivation is not solely generated internally within an individual. External factors, including an effective leadership style, can spark motivation in others.